A pruner, secateurs or lopper with a sharp upper blade cutting downward onto a flat lower blade which is known as the anvil; in a knife action rather than a scissor action. Anvil pruners are best utilised to cut thicker stems of dead, woody materials and are better suited for heavy-duty use than tools with a bypass action as they are less likely to distort or 'spread' when cutting thicker stems.
Digging tools are traditionally manufactured in two sizes, with the smaller sized heads usually known as border spades and border forks. The smaller head size makes these tools more suited for work amongst plants, borders and confined spaces. In addition, border spades and forks are lighter and often smaller than digging spades and forks, making them a sensible choice for individuals who find digging spades and forks too large or cumbersome.
A pruner, secateurs or lopper with a scissor like cutting action. Bypass pruners give a cleaner cut than anvil types and are easier to sharpen; however, bypass pruners can distort or 'spread' if asked to cut too thick a stem. Bypass secateurs are an essential part of a gardener's tool kit.
A simple pointed tool, usually with a 'T' handle, used to make a hole for a seedling to be planted in.
Digging tools are traditionally manufactured in two sizes, with the larger sized heads usually known as digging spades and digging forks. Digging spades and forks are designed for general tilling and cultivation in medium to heavy soil and should not be used to lever or prise objects such as paving stones or root systems.
Dutch hoes typically have a long handle and a short, flat blade fixed at an angle to the shaft with an edge on both sides of the head. It is pushed and pulled back and forth just beneath the surface of the ground, breaking up compacted soil and slicing off weeds.
Shears with a long handle allowing the user to trim the grass at the edges of a lawn that is often missed by a lawn mower.
A long-handled tool with a sharp half moon curved blade, used to cut a fine edge to the edge of a lawn, such as where it meets a flower bed.
Grass Shear (single handed):
A small shear which can be operated with one hand and is designed for trimming grass and soft foliage. This type of shear often features blades that swivel to allow cutting at any angle.
A small digging tool for one handed use, with a curved blade designed for planting and weeding. A hand trowel is an essential part of a gardener's tool kit.
A light rake with a long handle and a broad head of sprung tines, primarily designed for raking grass cuttings, dead leaves and hedge clippings. Additional uses include clearing weeds from garden ponds and scratching out moss from lawns.
A soil rake is a multi-purpose tool and is usually used to break up soil into a fine tilth so as to be suitable for sowing seeds and to create seed drills (shallow trenches for seed sowing. Additional uses include earthing up potatoes and clearing general garden debris.
A transplanting trowel is narrower than a standard hand trowel and is generally used for transplanting bulbs and seedlings. Some transplanting trowels are marked with a depth gauge on the head to enable for accurate planting.
A small fork, usually with three tines which is used to cultivate soil and dig out weeds in confined spaces such as borders and containers. A weedfork is an essential part of a gardener's tool kit.